A true mastiff, this Albanian dog is very massive and strong, coming in a variety of sizes and coat types, based on use and area of origin. The head is large and round, with a strong muzzle and powerful jaws. The chest is wide and the body is well-boned and muscular. Some dogs have either one or both ears cropped, but unaltered examples are more common. The tail can be docked, although this practice is usually associated with specific rural regions of Albania. In general, the mountain type is larger and longhaired, whereas the lowland variants tend to be smaller and have shorter coats. Crosses between these types are very common, because this is first and foremost a working breed and the stud selection is based on working abilities of the dogs and not their type or appearance.
The colouring is always either uniform white or predominantly white, with grey, red, brown, brindle or black patches. The height ranges from 22 inches to 30 inches at the withers.