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Bohemian Mastiff
This old black-n-tan Czech Molosser is believed to be extinct today. Related to ancient German Beardogs, Serbian Sylvans, Greek Epirian Shepherds and dogs of Asia, the Bohemian Mastiff of the Middle Ages was a powerful and impressive watchdog, livestock protector and hunter. Very large, ferocious and confrontational, these mastiffs were more common in rural regions of old Bohemia. This original incarnation also had some wolf blood, which resulted in the appearance of fully pricked ears in some bloodlines. Over the centuries, this lupoid leaner type became favoured and old-type Bohemian Mastiffs became extinct by the 19th century.

The recently revived breed by the name of Chodsky Pes is descended from the smaller and lighter Bohemian dogs, as well as German Shepherds. The original Bohemian Mastiff shouldn't be confused with the Czech Mountain Dog or the aforementioned modern Bohemian Shepherd Dog. The future might hold the promise of a dedicated effort to revive the old Bohemian Mastiff as well. Certain sources are suggesting that there are still some original mastiffs to be found today, but this hasn't been confirmed.

The coat is long and dense, always black-n-tan in colour. Average height is around 30 inches.

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  •  admin: 

    Hi MJ,

    Thank y ou for your comment.  It is welcome.

    We did not state that this was a recognized breed at all. I will look into your comment and see what changes need to be made.

     954 days ago 
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  •  mj: 

    Hello dear friends,

    this article is rather inaccurate. Black-and-tan mastiffs have never existed in the Czech country. The black-and-tan dog was old watchdog „chodský pes“ (Czech Shepherd Dog, Bohemian Shepherd Dog) (with history to the 13th century (?)) and its reconstruction from the 20th century. But these dogs belong to the smaller longhair German Shepherd dog types, not molossers.

    A molosser so different that it could be considered a separate breed has never lived in the Czech (Bohemian) territory. The Czech mastiff dogs were the same like other similar forms bred in Central Europe (called bullenbeisser, bearenbeisser, saupacker ....). They were all very diverse, too. Their employability was more important than the „blueblood“ breeding. Before they were replaced by modern breeds, these dogs had been called according to the purpose of use, not according to the blood.

    Czech molosser working types:

    „Doga“ – from the German word „Die Dogge“, the largest lines of molossers, (the word „mastiff“ was not used in the old Czech language)

    „Řeznický pes“ – in the Czech language = a butcher's dog, a collective name for dogs used for riding and herding cattle and pull carts, ancestors of Boxers, Great Danes, Rottweilers, Giant Schnauzers, etc.

    „Tarač“ – a defunct Czech word, a collective name for watchdogs, bandog

    „Štváč“ - a defunct Czech word, = hound, a collective name for the hunters of dangerous wild animals (bears, aurochs, boars, wolves....)

    „Býkohryz“ –a defunct Czech word, a free translation = Bull-biter

    „Medvědohryz, medvědoštváč“ – a defunct Czech words, a free translation = Bear-biter, Bear-hound

    „Kancohryz“, „divočákohryz, „kanečník“ – a defunct Czech words, a free translation = Boar-biters

    „Prasečník“ – a defunct Czech word, moloss and pointer (or other hunting forms) cross, boarhound, this dog was also called „molossus oharz“ in the literature of the 14th century (a free translation = mastiff-pointer)

    „Komorní pes“ – from the Czech language, meaning "Room-dog"; Aristocrats´companion - for living in interiors. (They wore gold collars in palaces, in contrast to guard dogs with silver collars.)

    This shows that we can exclude the existence of some pure-bred „Czech Mastiffs“ in our country today as well as in the history. The Czech Republic bred modern national breed "český horský pes" (Czech Mountain Dog) nowadays. This dog originated from the crossing between a mountain mastiff „slovenský čuvač“ (Slovakian Chuvach, Slovakian Shepherd Dog, Tatranský čuvač) and a Canadian sledge dog "Alaskan".

     955 days ago 
    0 points
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