Intelligent and serious, the Tajikistan Sheepdog makes an agreable companion, but is very suspicious of strangers and aggressive towards other dogs, needing early and broad socialization. Wide-chested, squarely built, muscular and lean, it is an agile and healthy Moloss, capable of working for long periods of time. The head is large, with a strong muzzle and well-developed jaws, but without the overly mastiffy features associated with some other varieties of the Central Asian Ovcharka. The tail is docked and the ears are usually cropped, but unaltered dogs can be found as well.
The thick weatherproof coat comes in a variety of solid wheaten, tan and fawn shades, with or without a black mask, as well as in the above-mentioned Tchoraschma black-n-white or black-n-tan colourings, sometimes with white markings. Among the fawn-based dogs, bicolour examples are considered unpure and are undesired, although small white markings on the neck, chest and paws are tolerated. The height ranges from 24 to 32 inches, but most dogs are around 27 inches tall.