Most serious canine authorities don't condone the use of the "Maremma" and "Maremma Sheepdog" names for the Maremanno-Abruzzese Sheepdog, seing how it simultaneously suggests that this new breed is in fact the same thing as the old Maremma Dog of Tuscany and ignores its Abruzzo heritage, without which it wouldn't even exist. Both the fanciers of the original Maremma and the Abruzzese Mastiff enthusiasts are quick to point out the erroneous claims made by many breeders of the Maremanno-Abruzzese Sheepdog and false information found in some encyclopedias, but unfortunately these complaints are routinely ignored and the myths concerning the true history of these breeds are still commonly found in most literature. Although it is unlikely to still exist in its pure form, the old-type Maremma Dog can reportedly still be encountered in certain parts of Tuscany. The original Maremma was a slender dog, with long legs, a straight back and a deep chest. The head is rounded and narrow, with a fairly long muzzle and well-developed jaws. The drop-ears were sometimes cropped and the tail was oftentimes docked, but the majority of Tuscan sheepdogs were left unaltered.
The coat is dense and hard, much shorter than the rich coat of the modern Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog. Usually white in colour, the coat of the old Maremma Dog was also common in cream and light fawn shades. Average height is around 25 inches.