The majority of dogs found in Tetovo today are seen and bred as Sarplaninacs, having common colourings of that breed, but a particoloured pup or two can reportedly still appear in some litters. An interesting detail concerning the old coat colourings of the Tetovo Sheepdog is the separation of the white dogs having small grey, fawn, orange, red, brown and black markings on the head, usually found on the ears and those Tetovo dogs having cream, wheaten, or fawn bodies with entirely black heads, an influence of the dogs introduced to the Balkans by the Circassians. The latter variety has been known as the "Cherkez Karabas" in the past and to this day, a number of fanciers claim that this is the original Karabash colouring and not the same as the name commonly used today to describe fawn-coloured dogs with only black muzzles. The Tetovac is an independent dog, sharing many traits with the Sarplaninec and other types of that breed, but is said to distinguish itself from the rest of them by having a more relaxed personality and gentler nature. The modern Tetovac tends to be somewhat smaller than its ancestors, but remains a well-boned, wide-chested and powerful mountain dog, although leaner, taller and more lupoid examples do exist, thought to still be showing the influence of an outcross to a wolf, a practice for which the herdsmen of Tetovo have been known for in the past. The coat is thick and hard, fuller on the neck, chest and tail and it has a dense undercoat.
The colours commonly associated with the Sarplaninac breed are also found in the present-day Tetovo population, although a number of bicoloured examples can still be encountered. Average height is around 27 inches.