The German Boxer is believed by some to be a direct descendant of the old Bullenbeisser, although it's more likely to be a result of crossing the Brabanters and the Deutsche Dogge with various European bulldogges, terriers and hunting mastiffs, such as the Spanish Alano and early Talbot Hounds. By crossing the Brabanter with the old white bulldogs of Britain in the 1830's and then breeding it back into the local population of fighting, hunting and butchershop dogs, the developers of the early Boxer established a new and fairly uniformed strain of working dogges.
These original Boxers were not only smaller and heavier than the modern Show type, but they also possessed much sharper temperaments. Although matings with bull-n-terriers continued, by the 1860's a consistent stock of Boxers existed and the breed club was formed to enforce strict breeding practices and maintain purity, resulting in the development of the breed Standard in 1895, which still promoted a great variety of colourings, including the then-common uniform white Boxer. It was much later, in 1925 to be exact, that the white colour was officially excluded from the Standard and proclaimed as unacceptable, even though a great number of white Boxers still existed. Recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948, the German Boxer has remained a well-loved breed ever since. However, due to the breed's immense popularity and overbreeding worldwide, a pure Boxer of the correct type and temperament is becoming increasingly rare to find. Generally, German dogs are more compact and square in body type and have strong and alert personalities, unlike some oversized and unstable strains found in America and other countries.
Described by most of its loyal fans as a "goofy" dog of great intelligence and sound temperament, the present-day Boxer makes a wonderful family pet and service dog, as well as a capable property watchdog. This is a breed possessing great stamina, immense self-confidence and a strong protection drive. The German Boxer isn't an aggressive dog, but it can be territorial and somewhat confrontational around other dogs, needing proper socialization and firm handling. In some countries, Boxer dog-fights are still popular, just like they were centuries ago, but this activity is rightfully frowned upon. A loving children's playmate and a good urban companion, this handsome Molosser is deservedly one of the most popular breds in the World. Well-muscled and sturdy, the highly energetic Boxer should appear as an elegantly bouncy dog. The head is round, with a short muzzle and powerful jaws. The body is well-boned and muscular, with a strong neck and deep chest. Traditionally, the ears have been cropped and the tail has been docked, but most modern European Boxers are unaltered.
The short flat coat is smooth and glossy, usually red, fawn, brown and brindle, with white markings on its chest and feet. All-white dogs, as well as uniform black or tricoloured examples aren't desirable, but are common and quite popular, especially in the United States.
Average height is 24 inches, although taller dogs can be found.