FCI-Standard N° 328 / 22. 04. 1996 / GB
CAUCASIAN SHEPHERD DOG (Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka)
TRANSLATION : Translated from Russian to French by Madame Allain and Mr.R.Triquet, senior-lecturers at the University of Lille III; from French to English by Mrs. Peggy Davis.
ORIGIN : Russia. DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 30.01.1985.
UTILIZATION : Sheep-, guard- and defense dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer type- Molossian and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. Section 2.2 Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The shepherd dogs from the Caucasus are dogs of superior size to the average and large size dogs, of robust even coarse constitution; by nature, they are aggressive and distrustful of strangers. To these peculiarities must be added the endurance, lack of demands and the faculty of adaptation to varied thermal and climatic conditions, allowing the use of the Caucasian Shepherd dog in nearly all the regions of the Soviet Union. The principal regions of penetration of the Caucasian Sheepdog are the Federal Republics of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaidjan, the Independent Republic of Kabardino-Balkarie, Daghestan and Kalmoukie, the regions of the North Caucasus steppes and the surroundings areas of Astrakhan. In the regions of the Transcaucasus the dogs are of a more bulky type of constitution, whereas in the steppes regions they are lighter, higher on the legs and often short-haired.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Type of great alert activity, strong - balanced - calm. The reactions of defense which manifest themselves in an active form, are well developed. An aggressive disposition and distrust towards strangers are characteristic.
TYPE OF CONSTITUTION: Robust, even coarse, with a massive bone structure and strong musculature. Skin is thick but elastic.
INDEX OF BONE STRUCTURE: (Proportion of the perimeter of the pastern vs. the height at the withers) = Males 21 - 22; females 20 - 22.
INDEX OF THE FORMAT: The proportion of the length of the body vs. the height at the withers is 100 - 108.
SEXUAL TYPE: Well accentuated. The males are stronger and more massive. The females are a bit smaller in size, of a little lighter constitution.
HEAD CRANIAL REGION: Skull : Massive with a broad skull and strongly developed zygomatic arches. Broad forehead, flat, divided in two halves by a slight furrow. Stop : The stop is not clearly marked.
FACIAL REGION: Nose : The nose is strong, broad, black. In the white and the light straw coloured dogs, a brown (chestnut) coloured nose is admissible. Muzzle : The muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull, only lightly tapered. Lips : Strong lips, but lean and fitting tightly. Teeth : White, strong, well developed, close together, not showing gaps. Incisors aligned at the base - Scissor bite. Eyes : Dark, small, oval shaped, deep set. Ears : Hanging, set high, cropped short.
NECK: Powerful, short. Carried quite low so as to form an angle of 30° to 40° in relation to the line of the back.
BODY: Withers : Broad, muscular, well detached above the topline. Back : Broad, straight, muscled. Loin : Short, broad, slightly arched. Rump : Broad, muscled, set almost horizontal. Chest : Broad, deep, slightly rounded in shape. Lower line of chest is at elbow level or lower. Belly (abdomen) : Moderately tucked up.
TAIL: High set, hanging down, reaching the hock. In shape of sickle, hook or ring. Docked tails are admitted.
FOREQUARTERS: Seen from the front : straight and parallel. Angle of the scapular-humeral articulation about 100°. Forearm : Straight, strong, long without excess. Pastern : Short, strong, placed on the vertical or with an insignificant inclination. Length of the legs up to the elbows a little superior to the half of the height at the withers. Index of height of the forequarters (proportion of the height of the forequarters from the point of the elbow to the ground vs. height at the withers) = 50 - 54.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the back : straight and parallel; in profile : slightly open at level of stifle articulation. Legs : Short. Stifles : Strong, broad, angle slightly open. Metatarsal : Thick, placed vertically. Hindquarters not sloping from front to back. The vertical line starting from the ischiatic tuberosity must pass in the centre of the hockjoint and of the hock.
FEET: (front and hind feet). Big, oval shaped, compact and tight.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free, swinging stride; usually balanced. The characteristic gait is a short trot, which in case of acceleration usually turns into a slightly heavy gallop. On the move the legs must move in straight line, the forelegs slightly converging towards the median line; the articulations of the fore-and hindquarters function with ease; the back and the loins work smoothly. The withers and the rump should remain at the same level during the trot.
COAT HAIR: Straight hair, coarse, with a strongly developed undercoat of a lighter colour. On the head and front part of the limbs, hair shorter and lying well flat against body. We distinguish 3 groups according to the coat : Long-haired : top coat longer. The long hairs on the neck form a ruff, on the rear parts of the legs fringes and culottes. The thick coat, which covers the whole of the tail, makes it thick and bushy. Shor-haired : Covered with a thick coat, relatively short, without a ruff, without fringes, without culottes nor feathering on the tail. Intermediate type long-haired but without ruff, fringes, culottes or feathering.
COLOUR: Banded hair of grey, with varied shades, usually light with a tendency towards ginger (rusty), straw colour, white, reddish brown, brindle and also pied coat and scattered with patches.
SIZE: Height at the withers : For the males, not less than 65 cm; for the females, not less than 62 cm.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Movement : Deviations in relation to the normal movement (the dog brings the legs in or puts them out). The articulations do not function with sufficient ease. Lack of suppleness of back and loins movement. Rump raised during the trotting movement. Slight side-to-side swinging of the rump (rolling of the hindquarters).
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.