Livestock guardians worldwide usage.
While most large carnivore species are threatened, there are some carnivore
populations which are recovering, notably in North America and Central and
Eastern Europe, where large carnivores are returning to areas where they had
vanished long ago. Combined with a relaxation of responsible livestock guarding in
many areas where carnivores had been eradicated, modern farmers no longer know
how to protect their animals against attacks from wolves, coyotes, bears, pumas,
lynx and others.
Rigg, R. 2001. Livestock guarding dogs: their current use world wide.
IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group Occasional Paper No 1 [online]