Forums  ›  Molosser Breeds  ›  Central Asian Ovcharka

How it really is about native CAOs

Central Asian Ovcharka is a breed that, as its name says, is from the Central or Middle Asia. This breed is very interesting to talk about; this breed has aboriginal dogs from the different regions, wich are Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, the north from Iran and Afghanistan and part of the south of Russia.

In each region, every aboriginal dog its recognize by its own name. -

Tobet - This dog is from the region of Kazakhstan -

Sarkangik or Torkbuz : Origin from the region of Uzbekistan -

Alabai - This dog is from the region of Turkmenistan -

Tajikistan Mastiff also know as Dakhmarda Mastiff or Chorashma : This dog is from the region of Tajikistan -

Kyrgyzstan shepherd from Kyrgyzstan -

Sage Kochee - This dog is from the region of Afghanistan

I know this is no new for you. I want to post it all together as I am very interesting to know more about those dogs, I really like them a lot. I need to mention something I found around I want to share with you, and ask your opinions . It say that most of the names how those dogs are called are not correct. Just a way to call them.

Here I want to show you what I read. “ They mention that the names I have wrote, have been choose by Russian farmers and not by the owners of dogs in each region.They also say many people in the countries of Central Asia and adjacent were not experts on dogs, once they got to Europe and to America they have started to teach what is not correct. For example, in Tajikistan have started to call native sheep dogs "Saghi togiki" but only after the migration of people from Russia who took their dogs then "Saghi urusi" Dogs Russians, have begun to call them Tagiki dogs "Saghi tagiki." Until now those dogs were called "sag" - which means dog in tadyiko or "it" - dog in the Turkish language, other areas of Central Asia or Saghi chuponi / chuponi it - either Shepherd Dog Saghi Tazy - greyhound.

Dahmarda, Tobet, Torkbuz, Chorashma, Sarkangik and others were names of the dogs imported by the Central Asia in the publications ruse / Europe / American has become type names - but it is wrong.

Also in other areas of Central Asia the situation is similar. Another interesting point is that in the tenth century, the Arabs to describe each item used the term non-Arab tazi, taziki, meaning tagiki. (Tрактовка слова "тазик" взята из: История Востока. - М.; Изд. фирма "Восточная литература" РАН, 1999.) " So how it really is.

This is why I decide to share this info with you , so I want to know if anyone has any similar or different information about this magnificent breed. ...

The landrace dog we know in USA as Central Asian Ovcharka (Shepherd) of course is called different things in the lands where they are developed and employed. Slight variations in the breed from size, temperament, coat and bone structure will be present and other traits will manifest based on the particular job of the dog and the program in which they are bred.Typically you should be able to look at the dog and know it is a Central Asian Shepherd - albeit not uniform to all the others.


Hi; would anyone be able to tell from the look of Tzar about his origin? I uploaded some photos but because I am new to the site, am not sure how they can be viewed by others; may be from my profile.

I think yours is an Alabai of Turkmen origins.  Do you have any indication of the pedigree/lineage?


Thank you Gary - Tzar's father was bred in Australia from KLOVI (IMP RUS) and ALABAI Mitra. His mother from ASIAN LEGEND (IMP CZE). Tzar's grand father from his mother's side is from Belarus. Tzar's pedigree shows 3 generations. The rest of his great grands from Russia.