Primitive and Aboriginal Dogs

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In this group we hope to attract, retain and have detailed discussions about primitive and aboriginal dogs both extinct and existing. This group will rely on members' contribution and active discussion as we delve into the origins, functions, and characteristics of the progenitors of some of our favorite breeds. Join us and share what you know or just lurk and learn.

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A primitive dog refers to a breed that has retained characteristics and traits similar to their ancient ancestors. These dogs often have a long history of coexisting with humans and were bred for specific purposes such as hunting, guarding, or companionship. Primitive dog breeds typically exhibit a strong sense of independence, resilience, and natural instincts. Some examples of primitive dog breeds include the Basenji, Saluki, and Chow Chow. These breeds have maintained their original features and behaviors over generations, making them fascinating and unique companions.

Primitive Dog Breeds

Afghan Hound: Originating thousands of years ago in the remote regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India, the Afghan Hound is a majestic and elegant breed1.

Akita: This Japanese breed has a rich history and has been around for centuries, known for its loyalty and strength.

Alaskan Malamute: Bred by the native Inuit people of Alaska, these powerful dogs were used for hauling heavy loads in harsh Arctic conditions.

Basenji: Known as the “barkless dog,” the Basenji hails from Africa and has a unique yodel-like vocalization.

Canaan Dog: The national dog of Israel, the Canaan Dog resembles ancient dogs found in a 2500-year-old cemetery in Ashkelon, Israel. They are short-haired, prick-eared, and inquisitive, with a bushy tail that curls over the back.

Carolina Dog: Also called the “American Dingo,” this breed has roots in the southeastern United States and exhibits primitive traits.

Chinese Shar-Pei: With its distinctive wrinkled skin, the Shar-Pei has been a companion to humans for centuries.

Chow Chow: Originating in China, the Chow Chow is known for its lion-like mane and independent personality.

Dingoes: The Dingo is Australia’s wild dog and are closely related to the New Guinea Singing Dog. Their lineage split early from the one that led to today’s domestic dogs, and their ancestry can be traced back 4,000 years through Maritime Southeast Asia to Asia.

New Guinea Singing Dog:  Considered one of the most primitive dog breeds in existence today. Often referred to as “living fossils,” these dogs likely resemble the appearance and behavior of dogs from 10,000 years ago. Their unique vocalizations and ancient lineage make them a captivating breed. 

Saluki: Also called the “Royal Dog of Egypt,” the Saluki has been a loyal hunting companion for thousands of years.

Samoyed: These fluffy, friendly dogs were bred by the Samoyedic people of Siberia for herding reindeer and pulling sleds.

Shiba Inu: Originating in Japan, the Shiba Inu is a small and agile breed with a spirited personality.

Thai Ridgeback: Hailing from Thailand, this breed has a distinctive ridge of hair along its back and is known for its independent nature

Let's build out this list of primitive and ancient dog breeds. Please post with your suggestions of additions to this list.

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