One of the rarest and most unique ancient breeds, the Chongqing Dog was probably developed in South-Western China from miniaturized Asian mastiffs and hunting dogs around 2000 years ago. There is a possibility that the early incarnation of the Sharpei was an influence on fighting Chongqing dogs and some even suggest that the original bull-n-terriers of Staffordshire type could have played a small role too, but the breed is claimed to be a pure native one with no outside influences and, as such, the Chongqing Dog inspires numerous folk legends in the few villages it is associated with in its homeland, many of them portraying it as a cross between a rat and a dog. With the growing interest for the breed in the West, there are chances of possible official worldwide recognition and greater acceptance in the future, but as of yet the Chongqing Dog is rarely seen outside of China and even within its country the breed remains fairly rare and unknown. Still used as a tenacious hunter, fighter, watchdog and a loving companion pet, this tough and intelligent worker can sometimes be overly aggressive towards other animals.
The Chinese Chongqing Dog is a remarkably long-lived breed, often reaching 20 years of age if cared for properly. This is a small, but immensely muscular and powerful working dog. Independent, stubborn and fairly difficult to train, the breed may not be the best candidate for an urban pet, but will make an excellent vermin destroyer and a farm dog. The Chongqing Dog has what most would recognize as a typical bully head, with a broad muzzle and strong jaws. The ears are usually left in their natural state, with the erect-eared dogs being preferred and favored by the Standard, but drop-eared specimens and those with cropped ears can be encountered in China as well, especially among the fighting population. This is a primitive canine, known for a very interesting physical feature, which is its trademark short "bamboo stick" tail, thick at the base and tapering towards the tip.
The reddish-brown coat is very short, making this lovely Molosser better suited for indoor life or warmer climates if kept outside. Average height is around 18 inches.